Apple's Mac Pro 'cheese grater' is 12 years old, and is the best Mac ever made
The original Mac Pro is 12 years old today and people are hoping the next one will bring back its famous expandability. AppleInsider celebrates the old favorite workhorse.
Forget looking back for a moment and instead look to the future. The next Mac Pro is coming in 2019 and it is so desired, so anticipated that Apple teased it — in 2017 and again in 2018.
The first time they talked about it, Apple was careful to not give any details. Phil Schiller just said that Apple is "completely rethinking the Mac Pro".
"We're committed to making it our highest-end, high-throughput desktop system, designed for our demanding pro customers," said Schiller.
The second time they discussed anything about it was last April when they specified that it would be out in 2019.
"There's many different types of pros and obviously they go really deep into the hardware and software and are pushing everything to its limit." said the head of the Pro Workflow Team, John Ternus. "We want to provide complete pro solutions."
Professional or power users are demanding — and they're also presently clamoring. The call is clear. They want a new, powerful machine for many of the same reasons that they wanted the original Mac Pro in 2006.
Intel was coming
Before the shift, Mac faithful could smell something on the wind, but didn't quite know what. Rumors swirled for three years in a post-smoking Intel clean-suit man world, but never quite solidified.
On June 6, 2005, Steve Jobs had formally revealed that it was true, Apple was switching to Intel processors for the Mac. That year he detailed the company's roadmap.
"Starting next year, we will begin introducing Macs with Intel processors in them," he said at WWDC 2005. "So when we meet again this time next year, our plan is to be shipping Macs with Intel processors by then. And when we meet here again two years from now, our plan is that the transition will be mostly complete. And we think it will be complete by the end of 2007. So this is a two-year transition."
That's as clear as Apple ever gets. Every Mac in the range was to have an Intel processor. It didn't guarantee that there would be what came to be called the Mac Pro, but people hoped because there was already a top of the line PowerPC model called the Power Mac G5.
One of the reasons Jobs gave for moving from PowerPC to Intel was specifically to do with that machine and its development. Standing in front of a slide showing a PowerMac G5 with the words "3.0GHz?" Jobs had a lot to say.
"I stood up here two years ago and I promised you this," said Jobs, pointing at the screen. "And we haven't been able to deliver that to you yet. As we look ahead, we can envision some amazing products we want to build for you and we don't know how to build them with the future PowerPC roadmap."
Over that next year up to June 2006, Apple steadily introduced Macs with Intel processors but not the replacement for the PowerMac G5. Until 1:08 PM eastern time on Monday August 7, 2006.
"In the first two quarters, we transitioned almost all of our product over to Intel. Except for one, and that is the Power Mac," Jobs declared. "Well, today the Power Mac is going to fade into history."
Phil Schiller then came on stage to reveal what looked like exactly the same machine as before. The same large aluminum casing, the same handles for carrying it and the same ease of access to the insides.
"We have the best enclosure in the business, this is a beautiful enclosure design," Schiller said. "On the outside it has all the benefits as before. inside, it's entirely new."
This Mac Pro did reach Jobs's promised 3.0GHz and did so with Intel's Xeon processor. "This is the Mac that so many of our highest-end customers have dreamed of," said Schiller. "For our highest-end customers a feature they've really wanted: they're 64-bit. So this new Intel Xeon chip is an amazing processor to put into our products but in every Mac Pro we're going to put two of them. All Mac Pros, quad Xeon performance. These are screaming-fast machines."
Every new Mac is the fastest Mac Apple has ever made but this one gave a huge leap with a claimed doubling of performance over the Power Mac G5. It also gave a boost in what that performance was per watt of power. Typically that's a concern when you're building notebooks, and you're balancing the needs of work and battery life, but Schiller pointed out that it also had great benefits with this desktop.
"Performance per watt means we need less cooling systems inside the box too. Which means we can do more with the space we have," said Schiller. "So we've doubled the number of drives inside the Mac Pro to now four hard drives of up to 2TB of internal storage. And our most requested feature, we've added a second optical drive for our pro customers as well."
There was also space to connect more external devices both at the back of the machine and now the front. The front added a second USB 2.0 port and Firewire 800, while the back's most significant change was a double-wide graphics slot allowing for the biggest and most powerful GPUs to be installed without sacrificing an adjacent slot.
So the new Mac Pro was "screaming fast" and it came with greater expansion but still the same enviably easy way of doing that expansion. The enclosure let you open the whole side and then just snap in new hard drives without any cabling, any fiddling.
It was deeply customizable, it was wicked fast, it came with 1GB of RAM, but could address 32GB of RAM, and Schiller announced that it was shipping today. On August 7, 2006, you could buy one for $2,499 — $3,124 in today's money.
Not standing still
This original Mac Pro — version 1,1 — stayed on sale until a speed bump in April 2007. Then that version 2,1 lasted until the following January when the 3,1 upped the performance with a faster quad-core Intel Xeon 5400 processor. You could upgrade it to have two such processors plus up to 32GB RAM.
It would be another 15 months before 3,1 was released. The Mac Pro (Early 2009) was particularly suited for multi-threaded operations where software was able to split its load between several processors. Strictly speaking the, the Intel Xeon 5500 processors were slower than the previous 5400 ones but with better caching and communications between components, the result was a faster machine.
Another significant update was in July 2010 when as well as moving to Intel's Xeon 5600-series processors, you could now have up to 64GB RAM and 8TB storage.
This lasted as Apple's flagship model until arguably that flag was faltering. It was two years before the Mac Pro saw another update. The July 2012 release now came with two 6-core 2.4 GHz Intel Xeon Westmere-EP processors.
On the outside, it still looked exactly the same and with the interior no longer improving radically, Apple's professional users began clamoring. This time Apple responded by previewing a brand-new design for the Mac Pro at WWDC in 2013.
Again Apple was telling professional users to hold on, something big was coming. The difference is that unlike with the next 2019 Mac Pro, back in 2013 Phil Schiller was able to show off the machine. He was able to announce that it would be shipping later that year and it did, just barely, on December 19, 2013.
He was even able to comment on criticism that Apple hadn't been able to improve the Mac Pro: "Can't innovate, my ass," he said. Accurate at the time, Schiller has seen the remark re-used in less than complimentary exchanges since.
The Mac Pro he revealed then was the first in almost exactly a decade that didn't come in the same "beautiful enclosure." Ultimately it was also one that lasted only half as long: we know little about the next Mac Pro but it won't have the same trashcan design as the 2013 one, as Apple had designed itself into a "thermal corner" with it, according to execs.
It's 12 years ago today that we met the Mac Pro in that "cheese grater" casing and, astonishingly, the successor will have lasted 6 years by the time the next one is out.
What the Pro wants?
What is a Pro? There is no shadowy cabal declaring what one is, nor what any given Pro needs. This varies, user to user, and anybody telling you that a machine isn't "Pro" because it has or doesn't have any given feature is selling you self-interested snake oil.
That original promise of power and performance is what makes people want the new "modular" machine too. But, as much as some of us might like, the cheese grater isn't coming back.
What Apple will deliver is anybody's guess. All we know is this — it will have pro features, and lack some others. It will make some users very happy, and others will scream bloody digital murder about it — as they always do.