FTC drops Qualcomm antitrust lawsuit, ends four-year saga

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The U.S. Federal Trade Commission on Monday said it will abandon its long-running antitrust lawsuit against Qualcomm and has no plans to seek a Supreme Court review of a federal appeals court ruling in favor of the chipmaker.

The decision not to move forward with the case caps off a four-year saga in which the federal government sought to prove that Qualcomm abused its dominant position in the chipmaking industry to extract exorbitant licensing fees from cellphone manufacturers.

As reported by Bloomberg, FTC Acting Chairwoman Rebecca Kelly Slaughter in a statement said she agreed with an initial trial court ruling that found Qualcomm unlawfully suppressed competition, but claims the FTC faces "significant headwinds" to overturn a subsequent appeal.

"The FTC's staff did an exceptional job presenting the case, and I continue to believe that the district court's conclusion that Qualcomm violated the antitrust laws was entirely correct and that the court of appeals erred in concluding otherwise," Slaughter said. "Now more than ever, the FTC and other law enforcement agencies need to boldly enforce the antitrust laws to guard against abusive behavior by dominant firms, including in high-technology markets and those that involve intellectual property."

Charges were first leveled in 2017 when the FTC accused Qualcomm of foisting unfair wireless chip licensing provisions on Apple. Judge Lucy Koh subsequently found Qualcomm in violation of antitrust law in 2019. The jurist attached a number of remedial actions to her ruling including a restructuring of licensing agreements and a modification of the company's stance on licensing terms.

Qualcomm successfully appealed Koh's decision last August, arguing that its licensing strategy drove acceleration and improvement within the smartphone modem industry and was therefore beneficial to the market.

Apple was among the companies allegedly impacted by Qualcomm's actions, and in testimony called the chipmaker's demands "onerous."

The tech giant was also embroiled in litigation against the chipmaker over similar issues, though the sprawling court battle between the two companies was ultimately settled in 2019. As part of the deal, Apple paid Qualcomm between $4.5 billion and $4.7 billion, and entered into a six-year chip licensing agreement for iPhone and iPad modems.

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