Apple: The most undervalued large-cap stock in America
Every quarter that goes by, Apple reports another multi-year record high growth rate that continues to be brushed aside and overlooked by investors. Appleâs stock performance relative to its valuation and fundamentals, and relative to other companies with lower growth rates and more expensive valuations is completely abysmal.
In its recently reported fiscal Q3 2011, for example, Apple reported a 6-year record-high growth rate of 121.94%. Yet, one would never know this by listening to CNBC, Bloomberg or reading the average article from The Street.com or Business Insider. Instead, the only stories you will see are ones that donât really matter in the grand scheme of things.
For example, instead of pointing out how the company reported 122% earnings growth in fiscal Q3 or the fact that the company trades at a 13 P/E ratio, CNBC is quick to point out how iPod sales â an operating segment that makes up only 4% of Appleâs total revenue â is slowing. Nevermind the fact that iPhone sales grew over 140% â four times the smartphone market â from 8 million units to 20 million units in fiscal Q3 or the fact that Appleâs revenue has almost tripled in 2-years.
Stop the presses because iPod sales which produces less in revenue than iTunes is now slowing. And it wouldnât be so bad if the press merely only reported these inconsequential facts. But itâs not just that. Itâs the highly misleading and faulty conclusions drawn from these inconsequential facts that have been so damaging for the stock over the years. If it isnât the Zune iPod killer, or the Android iPhone Killer, then itâs the Amazon Kindle Fire iPad Killer which amounts to nothing less than the obvious end of Apple. Forget about reporting the actual facts or the news, everything is now editorialized.
No one cares to report that iPhone sales outpaced the market by 400% or how extraordinary it is for a company of Appleâs size to see accelerated revenue growth of 66% leading to sales of $108 billion in 2011. Or that you would have to go back to 2004 when Apple was reporting less than $1.00 in EPS to find a year with a higher EPS growth than the 82.71% Apple recorded in 2011. True story. See below.
There seems to be an ever-present sentiment-war being waged against Apple as it is constantly hit from all sides in a very concerted way. And this is not something new. Itâs been going on for years with Apple. With the recent passing of Steve Jobs, it has only gotten much much worse. Iâm here to try and balance the scales a little by reminding everyone about the simple truth concerning Apple. While the companyâs earnings have absolutely skyrocketed since 2008, to the dismay of investors and to the delight of Business Insider, the stock has gone nowhere.
In late 2007, Apple traded at $200 a share after reporting $3.93 in EPS on $24.5 billion in revenue. Turn the pages to 2011 and itâs an entirely different company. In just four years, Appleâs earnings have grown 600% to $27.68, and its revenue skyrocketed 341% to $108.2 billion. Thatâs the most explosive 4-year growth rate of any large-cap company on the entire S&P 500.
Yet, one wouldnât know this given the stockâs very sluggish performance, extremely depressed valuation and the mediaâs permanently negative sentiment on the stock over the past few years. The stock is now trading at an extremely low 13.1 trailing P/E ratio. Weâre talking about a valuation level that Apple hasnât seen in nearly a decade â this despite the fact that the company grew its earnings 82% this year which is the highest in over 7 years. Weâre talking about a valuation that is more than 10% lower than the lowest point during the financial crisis. See below:
And even though Apple has grown its earnings by 600% in four years, the stock has only risen 81%. And while 81% might seem like a lot, just remember that the company is essentially 7x larger than it was in 2007. Apple has also grown its balance sheet 5-fold since that time and its cash has also risen 5-fold. You would expect to see at least a 200-300% move in the stock, and if history repeats itself, you soon will.
The chart below should give you an idea of how poorly Apple has performed relative to its growth. On the first day of 2008, Apple traded at $200.50 a share. It had $3.93 of earnings under its belt at the time. Today, the company has $27.68 in earnings and only trades at $363.57 (as of Friday) which is merely 81.3% higher. This versus the 600% in earnings growth over the same period.
The companyâs earnings growth accelerated dramatically in 2011 as it reported an 82.7% earnings growth rate. Yet, apparently an 82.7% earnings growth rate isnât good enough to give Apple a valuation that is higher than Ciscoâs (CSCO) 15.11 P/E ratio (earnings contracted in 2011), Oracleâs (ORCL) 16.35 P/E ratio (less than half of Appleâs earnings growth) or Googleâs 19.19 P/E ratio (grew 15% this year).
Over the past year, Apple has been taken to the woodshed on every sell-off in the market. It also significantly underperformed the S&P 500 on the entire QE2 melt-up rally between October 2010 and June 2011. And before you think itâs because Appleâs earnings must be slowing, thatâs clearly not the case. Appleâs earnings have actually accelerated in 2011. Not just grown, but accelerated. Thereâs a key difference. The growth rate is higher in 2011 than in 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, and 2006. Basically, Appleâs earnings growth rate this year is higher than in any year since the advent of the iPhone. Talk about acceleration in earnings. And yet the stock has gone nowhere this year. See below:
Now if that doesnât shock you, then this will. In fiscal Q2 2011, Apple reported a 6-year record high growth rate of 92.19% in earnings and 83.22% in revenue. That shatters the previous record of 86.03% earnings growth in fiscal Q2 2010 and 74.39% revenue growth in fiscal Q4 2008. After this report, Apple collapsed 14% over the next 3-month period on concerns that (insert any B.S. reason here). So after reporting the highest revenue and earnings growth rate in 6-years, Wall Street sells the stock down by $50.00 on the quarter leading to further massive P/E contraction.
And if that isnât enough to convince you of how mistreated the stock is relative to its growth, in the very next quarter â fiscal Q3 2011 â the company absolutely shatters fiscal Q2 2011′s growth rate in every way. The company recorded 121.94% earnings growth which is the highest quarterly growth rate since 2004. You would have to go back almost 8-years when the iPod was just getting started to find a quarter with a higher quarterly growth rate on earnings.
Yet, despite this incredible year that Apple has reported, the stock is trading lower than it did 10-months ago and is now almost lower than it was a year ago. The company has accelerated and doubled its earnings, and is almost down on the year. It trades at under a .5 PEG ratio and less than 8x next yearâs earnings.
In spite of growing its TTM by 82.7% â which is higher than every single large cap company in America â Apple now trades at decade-low P/E ratio of 13.13. At the beginning of the year, the company traded at $364.90, which is a little more than $1.00 above Fridayâs close. That means that even though the company grew its earnings by almost 100% on the year, the stock went nowhere. The chart below shows Appleâs growth in its trailing 12-months of earnings over the past several years:
One would think that with such a nice consistent rise in Appleâs trailing 12-months of earnings that the stock would would a nice consistent rise as well. But instead, what weâve seen is the stock undergo a very brutal 2-year period of massive P/E compression. In fact, Appleâs P/E ratio has fallen just about 59.12% in just 8 quarters which means that the companyâs earnings are discounted by about 60% more than they were valued at the start of 2010. See below:
Apple is now trading at the S&P 500 average valuation of 13x despite growing its earnings at a pace that is higher than the top 100 S&P 500 stocks and higher than 90% of the stock listed on the index. By pricing Apple at $363, the market is saying that Apple is worth no more than the average stock. 66% revenue growth and 82% earnings growth isnât valued at all. Neither is Appleâs $100 billion cash (including fiscal Q1 2012) nor its entire balance sheet for that matter. In fact, Apple is now valued below the average stock trading on the NASDAQ-100 which suggests that the market believes that it is better to hold the NASDAQ-100 (QQQ) than it is to hold Apple from a valuation perspective.
Now even though Appleâs growth has far and outpaced the growth of Oracle (16.35 P/E), Amazon (96.15 P/E), Google (19.19 P/E), Cisco (15.11), Qualcomm Inc. (20.62), Amgen, Inc (13.53), Comcast (15.11 P/E), IBM (13.95 P/E), Chevron (13.50), Johnson & Johnson (14.94 P/E), Procter & Gamble (15.49 P/E), and AT&T (13.91 P/E), the stock trades at a far lower valuation relative to these top holdings on the NASDAQ-100 and S&P 500. Some of these companies have actually contracted in 2011. Yet, the market values the earnings out of these companies on the order of 4-5 times more in some cases than they value the earnings out of Apple.
Light at the End of the Tunnel
The whole point of this article is to establish one thing and one thing only. That Apple is extremely undervalued contrary to what you might hear in the financial press. By demonstrating that the company is this undervalued, we will then be able to make a very compelling case for why this cannot go on forever. Eventually, Apple will hit an inflection point where this 2-year phase of P/E compression comes to an abrupt end. Apple is already valued below the S&P 500. If the earnings continue to come in anywhere close to 50% which is far below the 70-82% weâve seen in the past 3-years, then the stock will have to rise significantly in order to merely maintain its depressed valuation.
For example, in order for Apple to maintain its depressed 13.13 P/E ratio going into 2012 and 2013 â which is right at the average on the S&P 500 â the stock will have to rise to $577.72 next year. Most good analysts are expecting the company to report about $44.00 in earnings next year and about $55.00 in earnings in 2013. That would be 62% and 25% growth respectively. Thatâs far below the growth Apple has posted over the past four-five years (see above). Remember, Appleâs growth is currently accelerating and completely discounted. This outlook presupposes significant deceleration in the growth rate as the result of the law of large numbers. Yet, what you should take from this analysis is that Apple has nowhere to go but up.
Suppose the stockâs valuation were to contract further to a 10 P/E ratio within the next two years. Even if we get that level of P/E contraction which would be at a level that is far below the average on the S&P 500, the stock would still trade at $550 a share 2-years from now on the assumption of 25% growth between 2012 to 2013. What happens if the growth stays in the 60-70% range? What happens if the growth continues to accelerate? Neither of those scenarios are anywhere even close to being priced in. In fact, Wall Street is currently modeling for massive contraction in the growth rate. Thatâs an unwise decision given that Apple just guided fiscal Q1 2012 â this quarter â for 80% earnings growth. Notice, Wall Street is modeling for 25% growth while Apple has guided for 80% growth. Who do you believe?
In future articles, we will build a case for why Apple is reaching a floor in this age of P/E compression, and is about to undergo one of the biggest rallies in the companyâs history. As the valuation becomes more depressed, the case becomes even more compelling and the chances for a massive Apple upside correction increase dramatically. Stay tuned.
Andy M. Zaky is a fund manager at Bullish Cross Capital, an Appleinsider contributor and runs the financial newsletter, Bullish Cross. Bullish Cross Capital owns Apple as a major holding in the portfolio.