Third-party apps are using workarounds to collect data on users opting out of tracking via iOS' App Tracking Transparency, critics claim, with many apps potentially collecting the same amount of data as they did before ATT was implemented.
Apple's introduction of App Tracking Transparency was supposed to be a way for users to get more control over how they were tracked online for marketing purposes. Despite efforts by Apple to force apps to give users the choice to opt out, research points to it being largely ineffective.
"Anyone opting out of tracking right now is basically having the same level of data collected as they were before," said marketing strategy consultant Eric Seufert to the Financial Times "Apple hasn't actually deterred the behavior that they have called out as being so reprehensible, so they are kind of complicit in it happening."
In one email seen by the report, a vendor told clients it was still able to collect data on more than 95% of iOS users, using data points such as IP addresses and other device and network details to fingerprint devices and users.
Companies have explored alternate ways to collect data that ATT basically stops, including one effort by a Chinese government-backed group. However, Apple has warned that apps that don't abide by its rules on tracking will suffer penalties down the line.
Yale Privacy Lab founder Sean O'Brien offers that Apple's marketing of privacy efforts without any proper enforcement is "extremely disingenuous." For example, while Apple bans device fingerprinting, it is said that the policy isn't being actively enforced.
O'Brien proposes that Apple risks legal action from users if it fails to live up to its marketing with action. Likening it to how Google was sued in 2018 for tracking user locations after being told not to, O'Brien offers "Apple may find this out the hard way."
In a statement, Apple said "We believe strongly that users should be asked for their permission before being tracked. Apps that are found to disregard the user's choice will be rejected."
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