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Apple A-Z » Accessories and I/O

Apple Pencil

Apple Pencil

Apple Pencil is a writing and drawing tool introduced by Apple in 2015 for iPad. It can detect angle and pressure for a more realistic experience. When used with an M2 iPad Pro, hover states open up a new level of navigation and control in software.

● 9ms latency
● Magnetic charging
● Double-tap command for tool changing
● Attaches to side of iPad Pro
● iPadOS-specific shortcuts
● Hover with M2 iPad Pro models
● Find great Apple product deals
Discounted prices start at $99

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Apple Pencil is in its second generation, pairing with the modern iPad Pro, the iPad Air 5, and iPad mini 6. The newer model is smaller, has lower latency, and includes a new double-tap gesture.

Even if you are not an artist, the Pencil offers new functionality to every current-generation iPad or iPad Pro. It lets users annotate, draw, or edit with ease and precision.

The original product was widely panned by critics who would quote Steve Jobs: "If you see a stylus, you blew it." This quote is often misattributed to styluses in general, while Jobs was referring to smartphones at the time of the first iPhone launch.

Though it is well-known that Jobs hated the idea of needing to keep up with such a tool, it is uncertain whether he would have said the same about Apple Pencil. The iPad is still touch-first and doesn't rely on a tool for input — it's optional, which is key.

Usually, the smarts are held within the tablet or drawing device, not the stylus itself. The Apple Pencil runs its own firmware on a tiny curved motherboard, making it unique among styluses.

"Apple Pencil 3" Rumors

Little has been shared about the possible next-generation Apple Pencil. Leakers claiming to have images of the device show a glossy plastic finish similar to the first-generation model and a flat side for charging.

No technologies have leaked, but some speculate that a new model could come in different color options or at least a black option.

A different rumor set expected Apple to release a cheaper model powered by the device display similar to the Galaxy S Pen. It would have cost $50 and worked with the 10.9-inch iPad and iPhone models, but it was apparently scrapped at the last moment.

Rumors surrounding the new model have basically disappeared. Either Apple pivoted last minute, or the rumors were poorly sourced, but nothing new has been shared since 2021.

Apple Pencil 2

This Pencil corrects all the cited issues of the first-generation model without too many compromises. It has a matte finish that feels good in the hand, and one side is flat to enable inductive charging via a magnetic attachment to the iPad.

The second-generation model is smaller and has a flat side for charging The second-generation model is smaller and has a flat side for charging

A mid-cycle software update enabled the latency to decrease from 20ms to 9ms, aided by an increased refresh rate via ProMotion on iPad Pro. This enables a near-zero-lag writing and drawing experience in most apps.

An added motion coprocessor enables users to perform a double-tap action that performs different functions based on the app. It can switch colors, change tools, or do whatever the user sets based on what the developer provides.

The Apple Pencil is also able to detect the pressure and angle of a stroke to represent it in-app accurately. This means you can go from heavy fine lines to a thick shading line by altering your grip, just as you would with a real pencil.

The second-generation model charges and pairs via a magnetic connector The second-generation Apple Pencil charges and pairs via a magnetic connector

Some wear and tear issues have come up since the second-generation model's release. The rounded tip at the bottom of the Pencil seems to be a different material and easily stained.

The flat portion used for charging can get discolored over time as heat from charging causes the plastic to discolor. However, the Pencil itself seems durable and doesn't seem to break easily without some undue force.

Some users were able to get replacements from Apple if the discoloration was bad enough around the charging connections. New tips are cheap at only $20 for a pack of four.


Apple Pencil gained some new tricks in iPadOS 14. You can now use the Pencil to write text into any text-entry block on iPadOS.

The text recognition is instant, placing the typed text in line as you write. Though, it might take some practice to get the writing patterns down for this kind of input.

Scribble converts written words into text Scribble converts written words into text

Another small change to the drawing API is that it recognizes shapes as they are drawn, so they can be automatically transformed into better-looking objects upon completion. The user can draw a shape and leave the Pencil resting on the display to see it transform into a perfect version of the object.

Data detection for text has been added as well. Now, if you write down a phone number or address, it will be selectable to make a call or search.

Data detectors work with handwritten notes Data detectors work with handwritten notes

Tap-to-select gestures are also available with the Apple Pencil, working as they do in typed text. Tap once to select a word, twice to select a line, and users can copy written text as typed text for pasting into other documents.

When writing in multiple languages, like with Chinese characters, Scribble will automatically detect this when copying and pasting.


New display technology in the M2 iPad Pro adds a new level of interactivity for Apple Pencil users. Holding the tip of the Pencil just above the display enables different controls or previews to appear depending on the app in use.

Hold the Pencil above an M2 iPad Pro display for new controls Hold the Apple Pencil above an M2 iPad Pro display for new controls

For writing or drawing apps, users will see a preview of the stroke when hovering. So, depending on the tool in use, line thickness, and angle, the hover preview will show exactly what line will be made when the Pencil touches the display.

Other uses include tooltip actions, app controls, and more based on how the developer implements hover actions.

First-generation Apple Pencil

The original Apple Pencil was launched with the first-generation iPad Pro in September 2015. The Apple stylus' launch was seen as an interesting turn for the tablet line.

Now digital artists could vie for an iPad with full support for drawing and graphic design, offering an entire computing tablet for around the same price as some PC-based drawing tablets.

The first-generation model is still for sale and has propagated down the entire iPad line. It is usable with any recent iPad housing a lightning connector.

The original Apple Pencil was larger with some ergonomic issues The original Apple Pencil was larger with some ergonomic issues

The first-generation model has a larger footprint and removable cap that houses a male lightning connector, which connects directly to the bottom of the iPad. This causes the Pencil to stick out from the bottom of the iPad precariously, leading to users concern over the longevity of such a connection, as the connector may snap off entirely during a charge.

This Apple Pencil had a perfectly cylindrical body and glossy case. It's a bit thicker than the second-generation model and can feel a bit hard on the fingers after long use.

The Lightning connector wasn't the most graceful charging mechanism The Lightning connector wasn't the most graceful charging mechanism

It has all the same tilt and pressure sensing as the second-generation model but with higher latency. If you use the Pencil on a ProMotion Display, you'll see less lag overall because of the increased sampling rate, increasing from 120Hz to 240Hz while the Pencil is present.

However, the first-generation Pencil still shows much more lag than the Pencil 2's own 9ms latency.

Despite bizarre design decisions like how it charges or lack of storage, the first Pencil was quite well-received and is still sold today for use with some iPad models.

Bafflingly, Apple released the 10.9-inch iPad in 2022 that supports only the first-generation Pencil model. Since the tablet has a USB-C port, it needs an adapter to pair and charge the Lightning-based stylus.


Users that own a Mac and iPad can take advantage of a system called SideCar. The iPad can become an extended display for the Mac, and some apps even offer special functionality with touch controls and more.

Affinity Photo in SideCar Affinity Photo in SideCar

Drawing apps, photo editors, and other tools take advantage of SideCar to enable a Wacom-like mode that enables users to interact with the Mac app via Apple Pencil. Some apps have special settings areas for setting up controls when using SideCar.

The mode requires no additional hardware and can work either wired or wirelessly.

Apple Pencil Pricing

The first-generation Apple Pencil retails for $99, and the second-generation runs for $129.

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