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Apple's AirTag is an item tracker that can be attached to objects like backpacks or keychains. It uses the Find My ecosystem to ping nearby Apple devices when in lost mode so users can locate them. Controversy has arisen around their potential use as a stalking device.

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Apple introduced the long-awaited AirTag at the "Spring Loaded" event in April 2021. They are meant to aid users in locating lost objects that otherwise have no smart features, like backpacks and keys,

AirTags take advantage of the Ultra-Wideband chip, U1, in the latest iPhones to find lost items with precision. The Find My app shows the current location of an AirTag and can get users within a few feet of the tracker.

Apple initially introduced Ultra Wideband to increase the accuracy of AirDrop by offering a direction-based method to share content. This technology uses triangulation and motion to determine what where nearby compatible items are.

The AirTag was built with privacy and safety in mind. Apple continues to update how AirTags work to ensure it is not abused by stalkers or criminals.

AirTag is a useful tool that can be abused by criminals AirTag is a useful tool that can be abused by criminals

While Apple's primary focus is on preventing misuse of the AirTag as a tracking device, it's intriguing to note that news organizations, police, and other entities have found unconventional uses for it in their professions. These applications extend beyond the intended use case, which is primarily for individuals to track their keys.

Apple's introduction of a new second-generation Ultra Wideband chip in the iPhone 15 and Apple Watch Series 9 is a significant development. This chip, with its enhanced finding capabilities at a longer distance, could potentially be a game-changer in a future AirTag update.

Rumors suggest the second-generation AirTag could launch in 2025. It is expected to have specific integrations with the Apple Vision Pro

AirTag Features

AirTag works offline and pings nearby Apple devices to mark its location online. With over 1.5 billion active Apple device users, there are very few locations on earth where you won't be able to ping a lost device.

AirTag can be attached to keys using a keychain accessory AirTag can be attached to keys using a keychain accessory

Users can also place AirTag into Lost Mode and be notified when it is in range or has been located by the vast Find My network. If someone finds a lost AirTag, they can tap it using their iPhone or any NFC-capable device and be taken to a website that will display a contact phone number or email for the owner if they have provided one.

Built-in Privacy

AirTag is designed with the same privacy and security found in Find My. No location data or location history is stored inside the AirTag. Communication with the Find My network is end-to-end encrypted. Only the owner has access to location data, and no one, including Apple, knows the identity or location of any device that helped find it. This anonymity of the Find My network ensures a user's privacy is always protected.

The AirTag operates by broadcasting a Bluetooth signal that can be detected by devices in the Find My network. If, for any reason, an AirTag gets disconnected from its owner's device, it takes the initiative to update its location based on the next Find My device it can establish contact with. It's worth noting that a passerby with an iPhone won't be alerted about the AirTag. However, the AirTag can send you a notification if it accesses the Find My network while in Lost Mode, giving you complete control over its functionality.

AirTags cannot be shared amongst family members AirTags cannot be shared amongst family members

When someone discovers an AirTag and taps it with their device, it tells them only the information the owner allowed. The owner won't be alerted to who found a lost AirTag, only that its location has been updated in the Find My network.

Apple doesn't advise using the AirTag as an anti-theft device. AirTags are meant to locate lost objects, anything suspected stolen should be reported to the proper authorities.

Users cannot share an AirTag with family members. This prevents unwanted tracking of a member of your Apple family and limits the ability to place a single AirTag on a shared item such as car keys.

Only the Apple ID linked to the AirTag can put it in lost mode or see its current location in the Find My app.

Anti-Stalking Features

Apple has implemented a feature in iOS 14.5 to prevent bad actors from using the AirTag for unwanted tracking. If the iPhone detects a device using the Find My network following the person around, perhaps in a backpack or vehicle, the iPhone will alert the owner.

This alert will only occur when the tracker has been separated from its owner's device, so don't worry about spurious notifications while riding a bus or walking in public. Android users can find AirTag as well, but manually via an app that must be downloaded from Google Play.

If an AirTag has been separated from its owner for an undesignated period of time, it will begin chirping regularly. Reports indicate the chirp is only about 60 decibels at its loudest and can be easily smothered if the AirTag isn't in an open space. This chirp is the only automatic protection against stalking Apple can provide to those who do not have an iPhone.

Notably, cheaper tracking technologies are sold on the market that doesn't alert people to their presence. Tile sold one such tracker, which taps into Amazon's Echo network for easy finding.

Apple has addressed concerns about stalking with transparency surrounding protective features and tweaks to how they work. Users will be warned against using the device for stalking during setup, and authorities can use the serial number to identify its registered owner.

Bluesleuth-Lite can detect nearby trackers Bluesleuth-Lite can detect nearby trackers

Some individuals are seeking out ways to detect various trackers using dedicated devices instead of apps. Right now, especially for Android users, it isn't an easy process.

One such product, called Bluesleuth-Lite, is being developed by Berkeley Varitronics Systems to accomplish this. If the crowdfunding campaign is successful, it would give consumers access to a product that can detect trackers made by Apple, Tile, and others.

Apple and Google are working on a cross-platform standard for detecting when trackers are nearby. This would let Apple and Android users detect any kind of tracker, regardless of manufacturer, as long as it used the standard. Popular trackers would adopt the new standard to help eliminate stalking uses.

Precision Tracking

Precision Tracking is only available to iPhones with the Ultra-Wideband chip, first or second generation. Older iPhones without this chip, or items like the iPad, will fall back on Bluetooth to locate an AirTag, which won't be as accurate. Once within Bluetooth range, users will be able to play an audible sound to aid in tracking the lost device.

Attach the AirTag to luggage or a backpack Attach it to luggage or a backpack

Devices with the Ultra Wideband chip that can use Precision Tracking:

Users will need to be within Bluetooth range, so about 15 to 30 feet away, to use Precision Tracking. Otherwise, it will be up to the Find My network to ping the lost AirTag and update the owner of its general location. Because of this, Apple doesn't recommend customers track living things that can move around on their own, like pets or children.

Precision Tracking only works when in range of the UWB chip Precision Tracking only works when in range of the UWB chip

If a child wanders outside of the Precision Tracking range with an AirTag attached, it reduces its usefulness significantly. The parent would have to place it in lost mode and begin searching for the child in the hopes that it comes into range or is pinged by the Find My network.

Instead, the company recommends getting the child an Apple Watch with GPS and Family Setup. This way, the child can be tracked no matter where they go, as long as it's not inside a cave without a satellite signal.

Pets have a similar problem. While attaching a tracker to a pet's collar sounds like a good idea in practice, it would only help find them while inside the home network.

Special AirTag holders can be purchased for pet collars to prevent damage from chewing Special holders can be purchased for pet collars to prevent damage from chewing

If the pet ran away and got picked up by someone, the person finding the pet would need an updated iPhone or iPad nearby to ping the Find My network. Even if they had an Android device to tap the AirTag for more information, they'd have to know that it was a capability in the first place.

Pets also have a tendency to chew on things attached to their collar. The AirTag is made of soft plastic and metal, so it isn't difficult for a dog's teeth to break the device, which results in the pet eating metal or batteries. So, if a person must use an AirTag on their pet, ensure it is used in an enclosure that is bite proof and doesn't dangle from the collar.

Google's Find My Devices for Android

On April 8, 2024, Google launched Find My Devices, a network for locating both first- and third-party items. The new feature for Android will allows Android users track phones, tablets, and computers, similar to Find My.

Part of Find My Devices includes the ability to detect nearby trackers as part of a push to prevent device trackers from being used for stalking. 

Illustration of various travel-related items such as luggage, headphones, camera, and map symbols spread across a pastel blue background. Google launched its item-tracker network, Find My Devices, in April 2024

If everything works as intended, Android users will be notified if an unknown AirTag or other tracker is nearby and following them around. The same goes for iPhone users, who could be notified if a Tile or other product is nearby and not connected to the user's device.

Code in the iOS 17.5 beta suggested that new anti-stalking measures would roll out when the operating system goes public. 

AirTag Review

We loved the minimalist design and tiny form factor of the AirTag. It does the exact job it was designed for and does it well — finding lost things.

The major caveat is that you need a keychain or pouch to place it in. There is no built-in attachment mechanism, though they are mildly magnetic.

Design specs

The 0.39-ounce AirTag weighs about as much as two quarters and is about the same size too. It is 1.26-inches in diameter.

The small size is thanks to its form-over-function design. There isn't a keychain, loop, or cord in its minimal design, which prevents us from giving this a perfect five-star review.

AirTag size compared to a British Pound Size compared to a British Pound

In a somewhat surprising yet necessary decision, Apple has made the battery replaceable in the AirTag. The CR2032 coin cell is common enough to find at any local supermarket. The battery life is approximately one year, tho repeated pinging could reduce it.

Users are able to play sound from the AirTag when attempting to locate the item. We like that the audio is loud and un-ignorable when the AirTag is making itself known. This sound not only helps find the device quickly, but it also helps alert people to any unknown AirTag on their person.


Remove the plastic tab from the AirTag, and it is ready to pair and use. Pairing it is similar to the process for paring AirPods.

Pairing an AirTag Pairing an AirTag

After the AirTag is paired, users can associate it with the type of item it is being attached to, give it a custom name, and change the emoji for the Find My icon.

Finding a lost AirTag

AirTag can only help you when it can ping the Find My network. That means if you've lost something in a remote field or parking lot, you may be on your own.

Luckily all isn't lost. You'll be able to see the last location the AirTag was seen by a device, and that will get you within yards of the tiny device. From there, you'll be able to circle closer to it until the iPhone alerts you that it has detected the item's location.

There are pros and cons to this method of finding items. Apple can tell you via GPS where your AirTag was last seen, but depending on the device's signal reporting the location, you could be searching a half-mile radius.

It is undoubtedly better than having no idea where to search, but this isn't as accurate as a satellite-tracked pet collar or car theft prevention system. Precision Finding will kick in once you've found yourself within a few yards of the AirTag.

We found that the U1 chip in the iPhone 11 and iPhone 12 are great at finding the AirTag. Using the Ultra-Wideband frequency, you'll be able to track from 15 feet away to inches.

When using an older iPhone without the U1, or if you live in one of 16 countries where Ultra Wideband isn't allowed in consumer electronics, AirTag finding falls back to Bluetooth. That means you'll get within 15 feet of the AirTag and have to listen for its sound to locate it.

Errors and other issues

  • No way to set metric values for Precision Finding
  • Low light situations will ask for the flashlight — inexplicably
  • Multi-level AirTag location is inconsistent
  • AirTag cannot be shared with a family
  • Battery level can't be checked until the low-power warning is issued

AirTag Price

The AirTag costs $39 for a single device, while pack of four is available for $99 (retail). Customers can engrave their AirTag with four text characters or select from a handful of emojis.

Apple AirTag

Apple AirTag

Apple AirTag can be purchased as a single pack or pack of four.

Customers may find in-store stock, but engravings can only be applied when purchased directly from Apple online. AirTags officially launched on April 30, 2021.