CarKey

CarKey

Apple announced CarKey at the 2020 WWDC, and it could soon replace the need for key fobs for your car. Unlock, start, and control your car's features from your phone. Share keys with others and designate restrictions for some users like teens.

● Built into iOS and watchOS
● Control your car remotely
● Replaces the need for a key fob
● Share your digital key
● Uses BLE, NFC, and UWB

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Apple is slowly trying to eliminate everything you carry in your pockets that isn't an iPhone. Apple came first for your wallet with Apple Pay, and it is coming for your car keys too. Introduced in iOS 14, CarKey is an API intended to replace your car's keys with your iPhone completely.

CarKey works with NFC for now, and will expand to Apple’s U1 chip in the future CarKey works with NFC for now and will expand to Apple’s U1 chip in the future

Despite being a key feature of iOS 14 in 2020, car manufacturers have yet to embrace the new technology on a wide scale. Very few vehicles can take advantage of this feature, and there are no known third-party aftermarket kits for older vehicles.

CarKey features

Apple is bringing cryptographic key generation and secure communication protocols to the car. Like Apple Pay, CarKey is being implemented to replace real-world objects with safe and secure digital ones.

A digital key fob

You can already ditch your house key by having a HomeKit lock, but ditching the keyring entirely isn't possible yet. Most cars need a key fob present to be driven, and while Apple has a solution for this, it will take some time to get into most customers' hands.

At WWDC 2020, Apple announced a new API for iOS 14 to build digital car keys, aptly named CarKey. This system requires specific hardware and support from the car manufacturer, and the technology won't be widely supported at launch.

Share keys with others via iMessage and set restrictions for that shared CarKey Share keys with others via iMessage and set restrictions for that shared CarKey

Having a digital key offers plenty of conveniences, and Apple has implemented encrypted digital key sharing to take advantage of the new system. If someone needs to borrow your car, you can send them access to the vehicle via iMessage and deactivate their key when they're done.

Owners of the vehicle will be able to generate restricted keys, as well. Apple has not detailed what a restricted key's capabilities are at this time.

Tokenized access to the car is handled similarly to credit cards stored within Apple Pay wallets. Only the owner's phone and token can access the vehicle or any keys they've shared with others.

Launch partners

The first car to support Apple’s CarKey will be the BMW 5-Series coming in fall 2020 The first car to support Apple’s CarKey will be the BMW 5-Series coming in fall 2020

Apple announced BMW as its first partner to implement CarKey. The partnership is due to the companies' shared relationship with the Car Connectivity Consortium (CCC).

The CCC consists of multiple manufacturers, including Audi, Volkswagen, GM, Hyundai, LG, Panasonic, and Samsung.

In June 2018, the CCC released information about a Digital Key Release 1.0 specification. The solution used NFC to authenticate, unlock, start, and share access to a car.

Other key features

Interface screenshots Alleged screenshots of Apple's CarKey interface. | Source: "DongleBookPro" via Twitter

According to some rumors, the CarKey API could also call for storing other digital keys. Keys for HomeKit devices would be a likely choice, thus allowing a similar-key sharing feature without granting a guest total access to HomeKit.

Another benefit of CarKey being in your Apple Wallet is Express Mode. Like using Apple Pay cards with Express Transit, your digital car key will still be usable in power reserve mode if your iPhone battery dies. The power reserve lasts for about five hours.

CarKey Technology

The CCC later released Digital key Release 3.0, which uses Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and Ultra-Wideband (UWB). Since the latest iPhones have the U1 processor, they can unlock the car without taking the device out of your pocket.

Apple continues to innovate in the transportation industry with technologies like CarPlay and CarKey. Signs continue to point to these technologies culminating in an "Apple Car."

 
 

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